It is commonly accepted that in BC, at the time of the unification, Ch’in introduced the Pan pronounced “Ban” Liang coinage, discontinuing knife and spade coinage. This is by no means certain and we find it difficult to accept, believing the coinage of this period is more complex and knife and spade coinage was phased out gradually. This series is difficult to classify, with specimens occurring at weights from 2 to 18 grams but rarely over 12 grams , and diameters from 14 to over 34 mm. Having examined a number of Pan Liang hoards, we found most specimens within a single hoard will be of uniform diameter but the weight can vary significantly. This had lead us to believe the coins diameter is the important factor in determining the period or issue. Unfortunately, not enough dateable hoard or archeological evidence currently exists to work out the exact classification of the Pan Liang series, but the Records of Han provide a clue, stating that heavy Pan Liang were cast until about BC. We believe this refers to the larger specimens over 30 mm which range between 6 and 12 grams but averaging 7 to 8 grams or 15 shu. This could make the earliest issues contemporaries of the Ming-Huo Round Coin Series , but since they were cast to the heavy standard down to BC, it may not be possible to differentiate between the Zhou, Ch’in and early Han dynasty issues. Much research is needed on this area.

Chinese Porcelain Marks

Within ten years he had enlarged the factory three times, built a china works, taken on the largest and most gifted group of artists in the Potteries, and developed for Doulton a reputation for craftsmanship and artistry still identified with Royal Doulton today. There follows a selection of the backstamps most commonly used on Doulton Burslem wares, and some further hints on dating. The information is taken by permission from “The Doulton Burslem Wares” by Desmond Eyles, a compulsory work of reference for any collector of Doulton wares see back page.

The reference numbers for the Doulton Burslem marks have been prefixed by the letter ‘B’ to distinguish them from those also numbered 1 and up in the list of Lambeth marks given in The Doulton Lambeth Wares. Several of these were adopted after by Doulton and remained in use for about twenty years.

The downloadable charts are a matrix of Dietzgen slide rules, catalogs and price lists that was compliled by Bruce Babcock, Ph.D. and was published in the Journal of the Oughtred Society (JOS) October , Volume 5, Number 2. This comprehensive research will enable you to find the period of manufacture for most every Dietzgen slide rule from through

Unfortunately, we are not experts, but we always turn to a wonderful book by someone who is for our information. Joan Van Patten has written many books on collecting antique Nippon porcelain, and she has compiled known dates for certain backstamps. We are sharing a small list here with pictures of the ones we have come across in our Nippon journeys. We hope this helps those out there looking for this information quickly. We cannot stress enough that this is NOT a complete list.

If you know any dates for a backstamp not shown here, feel free to leave the information in the comments. Information about each mark is below the picture. Even more backstamps have been added to the list! Mark used since Found in green shown , blue, magenta, and gold colors. Found in green, blue shown , and magenta. Mark in use since Found in blue shown , gold and green.

Antique China Made in Germany

Porcelain Collector Dolls Antique China dolls were made by various, mostly German companies from to the s. Glazed porcelain China head dolls unglazed porcelain dolls are referred to as Parian dolls are usually found on a wood, cloth or kid body with some dolls having partial China limbs as well. Most China dolls found, have molded painted hair, but some have a wig over a solid bald dome head. China head dolls range in size from a tiny 3 inches to a big and very heavy 40 inches tall.

China head dolls are usually unmarked, some may have a mold number or doll makers mark on the back of the neck or on the shoulder plate, thus it can be impossible to pinpoint the doll maker, so dolls are described and identified by the type of hairstyle. As hairstyles changed over the long history of China head doll making, dolls changed too, which gives us a clue to their dating.

Emperors of the Sangoku,, the “Three Kingdoms,” of India, China, & Japan. India and China are the sources of the greatest civilizations in Eastern and Southern Asia. Their rulers saw themselves as universal monarchs, thereby matching the pretensions of the Roman Emperors in the West. The only drawbacks to their historical priority were that India suffered a setback, when the Indus Valley.

Although some readers might miss it, I think those who read the blog very closely will notice that this British woman was dating a Chinese man only as a project in connection with writing a general column about interracial dating. She was just dating this man as one of many other tasks to write about her experiences. My only guess is that she has also dated men of many other ethnicities, including non-Asians such as African-Americans and Latinos. I do oppose her post, or at least the implications from it, or how she characterized the date.

Her use of sarcasm was mean-spirited. That said, you have to be fair and realize that if her description of the date is accurate, the man was unworthy. At some point, you have to put your foot down, and even if she is the foreigner in another land, if this man truly wanted to get to know her better, that means respecting her cultural norms and she must respect his.

He ought to take charge. He should be proactively planning the date. He should maintain an interesting and active conversation with her to express his desire to get to know her better. The Asian men that truly desire to be with western women in body, mind, and soul have the initial responsibility of bridging the cultural gap. In the internet age, there is absolutely no excuse for social ineptness or provincialism, and if he desires her that much, he needs to learn.

He needs to learn English.

Emperors of India

Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India.

‘Reign’ and ‘dynasty’ marks do theoretically indicate the period during which an item was made, but in reality, ceramics frequently were made with reign marks of earlier reigns, for various reasons. Thus, reign marks also cannot be relied on for dating.

If your number is higher, but less than the number for the next year, then your item had it’s design registered during that year. In July the numbering sequence changed as indicated on the chart. The last number issued in July was and began again In August starting with number To give an example using the number above the chart, Rd means: Design of your item was registered during The Public Record office and the British Government tend to enforce these marks and registration numbers.

Companies located outside the UK who have reproduced items, and tried to use a facsimile of the marks or numbering system have been sued, and have had sanctions imposed against them.

CIVIL WAR OF 206-202 BC

Hidden within the kanji — the characters — on the bottom of the piece you will typically find the production region, a specific kiln location, a potter’s name, and sometimes a separate decorator’s identity. But, at times only generic terms were recorded, and tracking down more information requires expert advice. Consulting a china expert, a certified appraiser, or an antiques and collectible dealer in person may be your style, but you can also utilize the many available online resources, most of which have helpful photographs.

Consulting a Professional Contacting a china or antiques dealer can be the quickest way to identify your porcelain marks. Check the dealer’s website or make a preliminary phone call to determine their specialty. The dealer may want to charge a consultation fee, or he may let you know that he would like to sell your piece if you desire, depending upon his policy.

The only rule that is really certain when it comes to Chinese porcelain marks, is that most of them are NOT from the period they say. Still the marks are something of a fingerprint of the potter and its time, and from a careful study they offer a great help in identifying the date and maker of most Chinese porcelain.

Many people love to collect antique glass and china. There are as many ways to collect vintage glass as there are collectors. With the varied colors, styles, and patterns collecting glass is a fascinating hobby. Popular Types of Antique Glass and China No matter what era you are interested in, what your favorite color is, or what china pattern you like there is a type of collectible glass just for you.

Carnival Glass is a beautiful, iridescent, pressed glass that was given away as prizes at carnivals. It must be iridescent to be true Carnival Glass. Depression Glass is the term used for glass plates and other items that were often given away as promotional gifts or sold very cheaply during the depression. It was produced from about to Vaseline Glass, also known as Uranium Glass, is a yellowish green color and glows under a black light. This is due to a small amount of radiation emitted by the glass.

There are also collectors of fine china. These people have hearts that beat a little faster when they see a certain Royal Doulton pattern or Victorian china from Bavaria. Some of the popular manufacturers are:

On Dating Chinese Men — Or Why You Shouldn’t Judge After Only One Date

My name is David Whitten. Where was it made? What was the name of the company or factory where it was produced? How old is it? Was it mass-produced by machine methods? What type of glass is it made of?

This book is the first book on marks that is a pictorial reference, with actual photographs of marks alongside the pieces they appear on. Arranged alphabetically by company, this massive encyclopedia educates collectors and researchers on what the marks actually look like .

Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Collecting Antique Ceramics Collecting Antique Ceramics offers the widest range of opportunities for antique collectors, buyers, and sellers. When collecting antique ceramics, you are collecting some of the most delicate, most beautiful and most varied items that manufacturers can produce.

There are vastly more antique objects made of pottery, porcelain, earthenware or stoneware than of any other material and you probably have some beautiful antique ceramics in your home. You are more likely to possess antique pottery and porcelain than you are antique silver, glass or furniture. The care, beauty and craftsmanship manufacturers and artists build into the form, and the decoration of pottery and porcelain is only rarely surpassed by items in other fields of antique collecting.

Sales of Royal Doulton and Royal Worcester collectibles continue to rise and prove to be a wise investment over the longer term. William Moorcroft pomegranate vase Most of your antique ceramics will be Victorian or early 20th century But a large percentage of us have no idea what we have inherited from parents or grandparents, or what we have in our attics, cellars, garages or the back of rarely opened, cupboards and box rooms. The antique marks site will, hopefully, help you uncover the beauty of your own possessions and will also help you buy or sell profitably in the future.

How to Decode Pottery Marks by Dr. Lori

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